Durkheim's Social Solidarity and the Division of labour: An Overview

Main Article Content

Khairulyadi Khairulyadi
Siti Ikramatoun
Khairun Nisa


This article aims to review Durkheim's concepts of division of labour and social solidarity, especially how social solidarity developed through the division of labour and how the interplay between the two gives rise to the functionality of the social system. This study, too, explains the relevance of such concepts to studying contemporary society. This study concludes that some underlying shortcomings need addressing without denying Durkheim's attempt to provide a sound methodological and theoretical foundation for sociology as a discipline. Durkheim's contention that the Division of labour forms social solidarity is deterministic and subscribes to the law of rigidity. Individuals' occupational function is seen as a determinant and therefore has nothing to do with human free will and individuals' subjectivity to meaning. It is a sort of reductionism because it eliminates the entire propensity of human nature. It reduces the conditions of society to that of the organism of a living being. As a result, it is tough to replicate Durkheim's solidarity model to explain the complex nature of current urban societies.

Article Details

How to Cite
Khairulyadi, K., Ikramatoun, S., & Nisa, K. (2022). Durkheim’s Social Solidarity and the Division of labour: An Overview. Jurnal Sosiologi Agama Indonesia (JSAI), 3(2), 82-95. https://doi.org/10.22373/jsai.v3i2.1792
Research Articles


Alfirdaus, L. K, Hiariej, E., Adeney-Risakott, F.(2015. "Theories Of Social Solidarity In The Situations Of (Natural) Disasters." Politika. 6(1): 44- 70. https://doi.org/10.14710/politika.6.1.2015.44-70
Bowen, G. 2009. "Document Analysis as a Qualitative Research Method." Qualitative Research Journal. (9):. 27-40. https://doi.org/10.3316/QRJ0902027
Durkheim, Emile. 1984. "The Division of labour in Society", Halls, W,.D,.(trans,.). London: Macmilan.
Finn, Bowring. 2016. "The individual and society in Durkheim: Upicking the Contradictions". European Journal of Social Theory. 19 (1): 21-38. doi 10.1177/1368431015585042
Flynn, A. V. 2022. "Solidarity and Collectivism in the context of COVID-19". Nursing Ethics. https://doi.org/10.1177/09697330211072371
Johnson, P., Brookes, M., Wood, G., & Brewster, C. 2017. "Legal Origin and Social Solidarity: The Continued Relevance of Durkheim to Comparative Institutional Analysis." Sociology, 51(3): 646–665. https://doi.org/10.1177/0038038515611049
Lenhardm, J. 2011. A Critical Account of Durkheim's Concept of Organic Solidarity A Critical Account of Durkheim's Concept of Organic Solidarity. London School of Economics: London
Lincoln, J., R., Guillot, D. 2004. "Durkheim and Organizational Culture." IRLE Working Paper No. 108-04. http://irle.berkeley.edu/workingpapers/108-04.pdf
Mishra, C., & Rath, N. 2020. "Social Solidarity during a Pandemic: Through and beyond Durkheimian Lens". Social Sciences & Humanities Open 2(1): 100079 . doi 10.1177/09697330211072371
Morgan, H. 2022. "Conducting a Qualitative Document Analysis." The Qualitative Report, 27(1): 64-77. https://doi.org/10.46743/2160-3715/2022.5044
Morrison, Ken. 1995." Marx, Durkheim, Weber, Formation of Modern Social Thought". London: Sage Publications.
Rawls, A., W. 2012, "Durkheim's theory of modernity: Self-regulating practices as constitutive orders of social and moral facts".Journal of Classical Sociology. 12(3-4): 479 –512,
Thijssen, P. 2012. "From Mechanical to Organic Solidarity, and Back: With Honneth beyond Durkheim." European Journal of Social Theory 15 (4):454-470 doi 10.1177/1368431011423589
Thilakarathnam, K.A.A.N. 2019. "A Critique on the Durkheimian Concept of Solidarity". International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS) (3) 6: 307-331