Indonesian Journal of Islamic History and Culture <p><img style="margin: 14px;" src="" alt="Indonesian Journal of Islamic History and Culture" width="251" height="353" align="left"></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><a href=""> <strong>Indonesian Journal of Islamic History and Culture</strong> </a> (<a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">ISSN 2722-8940</a>; <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">e-ISSN 2722-8932</a>) is a peer-reviewed journal which is published by the Department of Islamic History and Culture in cooperation with the Center for Islamic History and Culture in Aceh and Malay World Studies (PUSAKA) of Universitas Islam Negeri Ar-Raniry Banda Aceh, Aceh, Indonesia. <strong>Indonesian Journal of Islamic History and Culture</strong> is committed to the publication of a wide range of scholarship in Islamic history and culture, such as the history of science and technology in Islam, Islamic dynasties, Islamic figures, Islamic philology, Islamic archeology, and Islamic arts. In Particular, this journal’s interest is in regional Islamic studies that reflect the diversity of Islamic historical and cultural heritage.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The journal covers applied research and review articles, both in the format of full-length articles and research notes. Applied research studies are expected to examine relationships among variables relevant to Islamic History and Culture. High-quality review articles that address the latest advances and develop theoretical knowledge or thinking about key aspects of Islamic History and Culture are accepted. Research notes are short articles that report advances in methodology, exploratory research findings, or extensions/discussions of prior research. <strong>Indonesian Journal of Islamic History and Culture</strong> will also welcome commentary in response to published articles.&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">All papers are subject to a double-blind peer-review process based on an initial screening by the editor criteria for evaluation include a significant contribution to the field, conceptual quality, appropriate methodology, and clarity of exposition.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> en-US (Sanusi Ismail (Editor in Chief)) (Amir Husni) Thu, 30 Nov 2023 07:53:37 +0700 OJS 60 THE MOVEMENT OF SHEIKH AHMAD YASIN AND THE MISSION OF PALESTINIAN LIBERATION <p>This research aims to explore the activities of Sheikh Ahmad Yasin in the Islamic resistance movement (Hamas) in Palestine. The results reveal that Sheikh Ahmad Yasin, who founded Hamas in 1987, held a prominent position among the leaders of organization and was regarded as one of the significant figures of Palestinian martyrs. While serving as the leader of Hamas, Sheikh Ahmad Yasin played a pivotal role in the establishment of several institutions, including zakat collection agencies, peace institutions to resolve disputes among residents, Islamic schools, social institutions, and more. Hamas plays a role in Palestinian society for socialization, interaction, mobilization, and the liberation of Palestinian society from all conflicts and Israeli occupation. Sheikh Ahmad Yasin's movement has a profound and beneficial impact on Palestinian society, providing healthcare, education, and religious guidance to the population in the Gaza Strip, an area controlled by Palestine. It can be concluded that Sheikh Ahmad Yasin's movement and the mission of Palestinian liberation serve a crucial role in society for socialization, interaction, and realizing the struggle for independence through the Hamas movement.</p> Dian Erawati, M. Thalal Copyright (c) 2023 Dian Erawati, M. Thalal Thu, 30 Nov 2023 07:45:02 +0700 TOUR GUIDE STRATEGIES IN PROMOTING INDRAPATRA FORT <p>This research examines the strategies employed by tour guides in promoting Indrapatra Fort. The methods used include interviews and observations. The results show that tour guides use strategies such as providing information about the location, creating impressions, and offering the best service, supported by language understood by tourists. The government also plays a part in promoting Indrapatra Fort. However, tour guides differ by employing promotional techniques such as social media publicity, printed media in the form of articles found in newspapers, and fundraising for promotion. In addition to media promotion, the government also establishes relationships with external parties to attract tourists. Regarding the promotion of Indrapatra Fort, it undeniably has an impact on the local community by increasing income and improving the standard of living in the economic sector.</p> Fikri Yulianda, Nuraini A. Manan, Hermansyah Copyright (c) 2023 Fikri Yulianda, Nuraini A. Manan, Hermansyah Thu, 30 Nov 2023 07:40:21 +0700 FACTUAL CONTENT OF HISTORY IN THE FILM FETIH 1453 <p>This research aims to identify the historical facts present in the film Fetih 1453. It uses historical methods, including heuristic, verification, interpretation, and historiography. The research findings indicate that the film Fetih 1453, directed by Faruk Aksoy, is based on historical facts. The film is set during the Ottoman Empire era, specifically during the rule of Sultan Mehmed II, depicting the story of the Ottoman conquest of Constantinople. The fictional elements present in some characters do not alter the main storyline of the film, which revolves around the conquest of Constantinople. Other aspects examined in the research include the historical facts presented in the film Conquest 1453. Faruk Aksoy portrays historical facts through numerous scenes in the film. The film successfully provides historical information, such as the second ascent of Sultan Mehmed II, the creation of large cannons, the construction of fortresses in Rumelia, the transportation of ships over hills, and the conquest of Constantinople. This film can be used as a reference to understand the depiction of the Ottoman attack on Constantinople through a historical approach, allowing for a sequential examination of events.</p> Muhammad Naufal Hidayat, Sanusi Ismail Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammad Naufal Hidayat, Sanusi Ismail Thu, 30 Nov 2023 07:43:51 +0700 THE ROLE OF FEMALE WORKERS IN OIL PALM PLANTATIONS (A CASE STUDY IN UJONG KRUENG VILLAGE, TRIPA MAKMUR SUB-DISTRICT, NAGAN RAYA REGENCY) <p>Oil palm is one of the plantation commodities that needs to increase its production as it is a major producer of vegetable oil. The expansion of oil palm plantations has been taking place in various regions, including Aceh, particularly in Ujong Krueng Village, Tripa Makmur sub-district, Nagan Raya regency. The purpose of this research is to explore the history of female labor in oil palm plantations and understand the lives of female workers in Ujong Krueng Village. The research methods employed include observation and interviews. The results indicate that female laborers are workers in oil palm plantations who earn wages from the landowners. The emergence of women as laborers in Ujong Krueng's oil palm plantations is due to the increasing number of plantations and their rapid growth, requiring a large labor force. This provides opportunities for women who want to contribute to their family's economy. The lives of female laborers in Ujong Krueng include: firstly, women have a dual role, working both in their homes and in public spacec; secondly, some women, especially those who are widowed or whose husband is are dealing with severe illness, take on the responsibility of being breadwinners; thirdly, the economic of the community is positively impacted by income generated from oil palm plantations, meeting the basic living needs; fourthly, women are now undertaking tasks that were traditionally performed by men, such as transporting harvested produce.</p> Putri Eliza, Aslam Nur, Reza Idria Copyright (c) 2023 Putri Eliza, Aslam Nur, Reza Idria Thu, 30 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0700 THE ROLE OF 'PEMAMOAN' IN THE WEDDING CUSTOMS OF THE KLÜET TRIBE IN THE VILLAGE OF RUAK, NORTH KLÜET SUB-DISTRICT, SOUTH ACEH REGENCY <p>This research aims to explain the role of <em>pemamoan</em> in the wedding customs of the Kluet tribe in the village of Ruak and the community's response to the role of <em>pemamoan</em> in the wedding customs of the Kluet tribe in the village of Ruak. The method used in this research is a qualitative, descriptive approach. Data collection techniques include observation, interviews, and documentation. The results of this research show that <em>pemamoan</em> is the uncle or male relative from the mother's side. <em>Pemamoan</em> plays a role in taking care of all the needs of the bride and groom, and the community of Ruak Village responds positively and accepts the role of <em>pemamoan</em> in the wedding customs of the Kluet tribe in the Village of Ruak, North Kluet Sub-district, South Aceh regency.</p> Masriati Masriati, Misri A Muchsin, Muhammad Yunus Ahmad Copyright (c) 2023 Masriati Masriati, Misri A Muchsin, Muhammad Yunus Ahmad Thu, 30 Nov 2023 06:17:03 +0700 TRADITIONAL LEARNING OF THE AWAMEL BOOK IN DAYAH DARUL ULUM ABU LUENG IE, ACEH BESAR <p>This research aims to explore the tradition of learning the Awamel book in Dayah Darul Ulum Abu Lueng Ie, Aceh Besar. This book is a fundamental key to understanding other<em> kitab kuning</em>, making it a mandatory study for students. The Awamel book, or Nahwu, is a crucial branch of knowledge in Arabic grammar that significantly influences or determines the words that follow it. This study employs qualitative research methods. The research results reveal that the tradition of learning the Awamel book has been ongoing from the past to the present, serving as a fundamental element in every Dayah, especially Dayah Darul Ulum Abu Lueng Ie. The study shows that the book is mandatory for students to learn, as it is essential for understanding the content of<em> kitab kuning</em>. Learning the Awamel book is a crucial material that students must go through to comprehend the Arabic language and plain Arabic-scripted books. To achieve success, a method is employed to study the Awamel book, focusing on discussing its principles and providing examples to facilitate students' understanding. In addition to this method, efforts are made to maximize students' learning outcomes by assigning tasks and evaluations aimed at determining the extent to which students understand the book's content.</p> Nurjannah Nurjannah, Ajidar Matsyah, Ruhamah Copyright (c) 2023 Nurjannah Nurjannah, Ajidar Matsyah, Ruhamah Thu, 30 Nov 2023 07:41:55 +0700 THE EXISTENCE OF GAYO ART BEYOND ITS TRADITIONAL REALM: AN EXPLORATORY STUDY IN BANDA ACEH <p>Gayo art is one of the folk arts of Aceh originating from Tanoh Gayo, Central Aceh. Gayo art serves as popular entertainment and a means of Islamic missionary for the dissemination and development of Islam in the Banda Aceh region. This art is often featured in weddings, circumcision ceremonies, festivals, and other events. The focused types of art are performance arts, such as Gayo dances (Saman, Bines, Guel, and others), music, and poetry. The research findings indicate that the development of Gayo art in Banda Aceh has progressed after being regularly and systematically showcased several times. Gayo art is popular and appreciated in Banda Aceh because, during performances, it is not only unique and beautiful to witness, but it also involves various forms of artistic attractions such as <em>didong</em> and <em>bersebuku</em>. This captivating attraction draws the attention of the community to organize and attend Gayo art performances held on various art stages in Banda Aceh.</p> Rahmat Syawali, Fauzi Ismail Copyright (c) 2023 Rahmat Syawali, Fauzi Ismail Thu, 30 Nov 2023 07:50:21 +0700 TRADITIONAL WEAPON 'MEKHEMU' AS THE IDENTITY OF THE ALAS TRIBE <p>This research discusses the traditional weapon <em>mekhemu</em> as the identity of the Alas tribe in Southeast Aceh Regency. The research method employed includes observation, interviews, and documentation. The results show that the history of <em>mekhemu</em> weapon usage was brought by the Alas Tribe, specifically the Kepale Dese lineage, to the Alas Land, initially in the form of a conventional sharp weapon. The meaning embedded in the handle of the <em>mekhemu</em> weapon symbolizes the declaration of faith, the meaning within the sheath of the <em>mekhemu</em> weapon represents the thirteen pillars of prayer, and the star on the sheath signifies the Four Kings. <em>Mekhemu</em>, as a traditional weapon of the Alas ethnic group, is inseparable from the community's way of life, including in customary marriage practices and circumcision ceremonies within the Alas tribe. Preservation efforts are undertaken by the local government through the implementation, socialization, and widespresad introduction of the <em>mekhemu </em>weapon to the community. <em>Mekhemu</em> is a traditional weapon of the Alas tribe, symbolizing the bravery and honor of a king.</p> Ira Wati, Bustami Abubakar Copyright (c) 2023 Ira Wati, Bustami Abubakar Thu, 30 Nov 2023 07:47:40 +0700